Who Made The Paris Agreement
Implementation of the agreement by all Member States will be evaluated every five years, with the first evaluation in 2023. The result will be used as an input for new national contributions from Member States.  The inventory will not be national contributions/achievements, but a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what remains to be done. The Paris Agreement is an environmental agreement that was adopted by almost all nations in 2015 to combat climate change and its negative effects. The agreement aims to significantly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit global temperature increase to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels this century, while continuing to pursue ways to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees. The agreement provides for the commitment of all major emitters to reduce their pollution from climate change and to strengthen these commitments over time. It provides developed countries with a means to assist developing countries in their mitigation and adaptation efforts and establishes a framework for monitoring, reporting and strengthening countries` individual and collective climate goals. The Environment Council has adopted conclusions that define the EU`s position for the UN climate change conference to be held in Paris. Ministers agreed that the EU intends to reach an ambitious, legally binding and dynamic agreement to keep global warming below 2oC.
In accordance with the Vienna Convention on Treaty Law, “ratification” defines the international act under which a country consents to membership in an international agreement. Ratification is proven by the filing of a ratification instrument with the custodian. This gives the contracting parties the time necessary to obtain approval of the agreement on the national territory and to adopt all the national legislation necessary to give effect to this agreement. The timely implementation of the EU climate and energy framework by 2030 was seen as an important sign of the EU`s commitment to the goals of the Paris Agreement. Ministers also stressed the importance of swift ratification of the agreement. The Paris Agreement, adopted in Paris on 12 December 2015 and signed on 22 April 2016 at UN headquarters in New York, came into force on 4 November 2016 after being ratified by 96 states (compared to 188 previously) and reflects the resurgence of strong international climate ambitions.